打鱼游戏平台

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学校教科研工作原则策略浅谈

发布时间:2015-10-11

打鱼游戏平台xuexiaojiaokeyangongzuoyuanzecelveqiantan

 

dayuyouxipingtai  gaoyingjiu(226100)

 

打鱼游戏平台    【zhaiyao】dangqianzhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanpubiancunzaizhexinfuqizao、tuolishijiandengweibeikeyanjiazhidexianxiang,womenyinggaiqingxidirenshidaozhongxiaoxuekaizhanjiaoyukeyandebenzhijimude,jishifanpoguizhen、zhuzhongshixiao,youqiyaochongfenfahuizhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanshijiansucaifangmiandeyoushi,zhenzhengchengdanqizhidaojiaoyushijian、jiejuejiaoyushijianzhongjutiwenti、tishengjiaoyushijiancengciderenwu,congerqieshifahuijiaoyukeyanzaizhongxiaoxuejiaoyuhuodongzhongdeyingyouzuoyong。

    【guanjianci】zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyan,zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanbenzhi,zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanxianzhuang,zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanjibenyuanze,zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanbaozhangyinsu

 

    一、中小学广泛开展教育科研的意义。

打鱼游戏平台     dangjinshidai,jiaoyushiyefazhandegenbenmaodunzaiyushehuiriyizengzhangdejiaoyuxuqiutongjiaoyuziyuanyouqishiyouzhijiaoyuziyuandeyouxianxingzhijiandemaodun,jiaoyugaigedegenbenmudezaiyuzuidaxiandudimanzushehuidejiaoyuxuqiu,shiyouzhijiaoyuziyuanjinruxunchangbaixingjia。xiandaixuexiaozuzhizhijiandejingzheng,yibuzaishijiandandeshengxuelvzhijiandejingzheng,ershiyizhongguangfande、quanfangweidebanxueshuipingdejingzheng。duibanxueshuipingjiaogaodexuexiaolaishuo,gengqueqiedishuo,shixuexiaowenhuayouqishibanxuepinpaizhijiandejingzheng。eryaotigaobanxueshuiping、chuangchuyouzhipinpai,jiaoyukexueyanjiushibiyouzhilu,shiqianzhuzhiju。《zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoyufa》dishiyitiaojiumingquezhichu:“guojiazhichi、gulihezuzhijiaoyukexueyanjiu,tuiguangjiaoyukexueyanjiuchengguo,cujinjiaoyuzhiliangtigao。”xiandaikechengtixizhifutailesuogoujiandezhumingde“taileyuanli”zhongtichulezheiyangsigebanxuedeyaoyi:①xuexiaoyinggaidadaozenyangdejiaoyumubiao?②tigongnaxiejiaoyujingyankeyibangzhudadaozheixiemubiao?③zenyangzuzhizheixiejiaoyujingyanyidadaoyuqixiaoguo?④ruhequedingzheixiemubiaoshishiwanchengdechengdu?qizhongguanjiandedi②、③dianjiushijiaoyukeyansuobixuchengdanderenwu。zhengshicongzheigejiaodushanglaishuo,jiaoyukeyanzheigehuatidetichu,zhengshibawozhulexuexiaofazhandemaibo,fuyulexuexiaofazhanxindeshengzhangdian;yezhengshicongzheigecengmianshanglaishuo,jiaoyukeyanzheiyangyixiangteshudegongzuo,juyouxianmingdeshidaitedianheqianzhuyiyi。

打鱼游戏平台 yiyoudeshijianchengguoyijingchubuxiangwomenzhaoshizheiyangdeyixieshishi:congdadefangmianjiang,dalifazhanjiaoyukeyanyouzhuyuxuexiaozuzhidechixujiankangkuaisufazhan,jutilaishuo,tayouzhuyutigaoxuexiaodejiaoyuzhiliang,youzhuyujichenghefayangxuexiaochuantong,youzhuyuxingchengxuexiaotese,youzhuyujiejuexuexiaofazhanguochengzhongmianlindezhongzhongwenti。congxiaodefangmianjiang,shenrukaizhanjiaoyukeyantongyangyouzhuyujiaoshigerendechixufazhan,jutilaishuo,tayouzhuyujiaoshijiaoyuzhishidebuduanzengzhang,youzhuyuxingchengjiaoshidejiaoyufengge,baokuojiaoyusixiangdezhuanbian、jiaoyufangfadegaijinyijijiaoyuyishushuipingdetigao。

 zhongzhongshishikeyiguijieweizheiyangyigeguandian:jiaoyukeyanjubeikaifalidegongneng,tajiangkaifazhongduojiaoshidechuangzaoli,congercujinxuexiaodefazhan;jiaoyukeyanjubeiyindaolidegongneng,tajiangyindaozhongduodejiaoshicongmanggan、mangandeninaozhongtuoshenchulai,congerzaisibianzhongmingxijiaoyudelixiang;jiaoyukeyanjubeitishenglidegongneng,tajiangtishengwomendejiaoyulinian、jiaoyujingyanhejiaoyushuiping,shiwomenderenshiheshijianchanshengzhidefeiyue,congershixuexiaodebanxuepinweihejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangdedaomingxiandetigao。

 二、当前中小学教育科研的现状

打鱼游戏平台 shenshidangjindaduoshuxuexiaodejiaoyukeyanxianzhuang,womenyeburonghuibizhongzhongbushenlixiangshenzhishilingrendanyoudexianxiang,womenyezhenqiediganshoudaojiaoyukeyanlingyuneisuocunzaizhedeyixiexinfuqizaodeqixi:yishi“gongjuyishi”,bajiaoyukeyandangzuoshixuexiaopingji、gerenpingzhide“qiaomenzhuan”,youleketi、youlelunwen,xuexiaojiuyoufenliang,gerenjiuyoucailiao,jiunengshunliditongguogezhongyanshoupingding;ershi“fenshiyishi”,bajiaoyukeyandangzuoxuexiaoxingxiang、gerenyingxiangde“zhuangxiugongcheng”,yongketi、keyanlaizhuangdianmenmian、fuyongfengya,biaoshibanxueyejihegerenshuiping;sanshi“congzhongxinli”,jiaoyukeyansihuchengweileyizhongshishang,bierendouyouketi、youyanjiu,zijibugaomianzishangxiabulai,biaomianshangjiuyaoxiandeluowu。duijiaoyukeyanjiazhiderenshifashengpiancha,jiaoyukeyandezhidaosixiangjiuhuifashengpianli,jiaoyukeyanjiuhuibianwei、niuqu。womenbushaojiaoyukeyanzhisuoyiliuyuxingshi、liuyujiandanyufuqian,qigenbenzhengjiejiuzaiyuci。“honghonglieliegaokeyan,zhazhashishizouguochang”dexianxianglvjianbuxian,“zhizhongchanggong、buzhongzuogong”、“zhizhonggeti、buzhongqunti”、“zhituhaogao、butugaohao”deyinyingshizhongzaijiaoyukeyanlingyulipaihuaibusan。bushaodeketiyanjiu,qishijiushiyigekaitijiayigejieti,jinxingchijiuxingjiaoyukeyandereqingbuzu、chizhiwuheng;bushaodeketiyanjiu,qishijiushiyi、liangge“biganzi”zaineiermingsikuxiang、souchangguadu,gengduoderenzeshigeanguanhuo、gaoguamianzhanpai;bushaodeketiyanjiu,moshililunyushijiandetuojie,huozhizuochuanshengtong,zuoqianxiancengmianshangdelilunjieshao、guina,huozhizuoshexiangji,zhimanzuyushijianxianxiangdesaomiao、jianji。rucijiaoyukeyan,qijiazhihezai?qiyiyihezai?nengshewangtayouduojiudeshengminglima?suoyouzheixie,bunengbuyinqiwomensuoyoujiaoyugongzuozheyouqishijiaoyukeyangongzuozhedejingtiyushensi。

 jiaoyukeyanjiujingshiweileshenme?jiaoyukeyandaodiyinggaiyanshenme?womenyinggaitongguojiaoyukeyanqushixiannaxiemubiao?zheishibaizaiwomenmianqiandexianshieryouyanjundeketi。

三、中小学开展教育科研应遵循的基本原则

 jiaoyukeyanshiduijiaoyushijiandekexueyanjiuhekaifa,shiduijiaoyukexueguilvdetansuohebawo。qimudeshiweilefengfuhefazhanjiaoyukexue,zhidaohetuidongjiaoyushijian;shiweilejiejuexuexiaoshengcunfazhanzhongdeshijiwenti,duijiaoyuhuodeguilvxingderenshi,tigaojiaoyuzhilianghexiaoyi;shiweile“zaichenggongjingyanzhong,huodexindeshengzhangdian、zaixianshiwentizhongxunzhaotupodian、zaijiaoyulilunzhongxunzhaozhichengdian、zaijiaoyufazhanqushizhongxunzhaoguakaodian”。guigenjiedi,jiaoyukeyanshiweilezengjiaxuexiaowenhuajidian、zengjiajiaoyukejihanliang、zengjiajiaoshijiaoyusuyang。

打鱼游戏平台 jiaoyukeyandeketicongheerlai?haowuyiwen,tayinggaishijiaoyushijianzhongwentideyansheng,yinggaishijiaoyuhuodongzhongkunhuodesikao,jiaoyukeyanyinggaichengweichangshijiaoyugaigeyujiaoyutantaodeshiyanshi,jiaoyukeyanyinggaishikeweiraoweijiaoyushijianfuwuzheiyangyigehexin,zheiyinggaishijiaoyukeyandezongdeqiantiheyuanze。tajiyaowanchengyoujingyanxingxianglilunxingdezhuanbian,shijiaoshidexindetihui、jiaoyujiaoxuexindeshangshengweikeyituiguangdejiaoyujingyanhelilunchengguo,youyaoyoubieyujingyuanshichunlilundexueshuchengguoxingzhi;tajishilaiyuanyujiaoyushijianzhongdesikaoyutantao,youyaogaoyujiaoyushijian,juyouyidingdeqianzhuyuzhanwangyishi,chengdanzhidaojiaoyushijian、jiejuejiaoyushijianzhongjutiwenti、tishengjiaoyushijiancengciderenwu。weiyouruci,jiaoyukeyancainengruyuantouhuoshuilaizhibujie,jiaoyukeyancainengbuduanhuanfatadeshengminghuoli。

打鱼游戏平台 jiyuyishangderenshi,zaijiaoyukeyandeshijiancaozuoshang,womendazhiyinggaizunxunyixiajigeyuanze:(1)ketiyanjiudejingtouyixiaobuyida,jiaoduyaoxiao,qiepouyaoshen,biandatixiaozuoweixiaotidazuo。ketiyanjiuyouguanyujiaoyutizhi、jiaoyujiegoudegaige、banxuesiludezhuanhuan、jiaoyusixiangdegengxin、xiandaiguanlidetansuodengneirongdehongguancengmianyanjiu,youguanyujiaoyuneirong、jiaoyufangfadegaige、jiaoyupingjiadetansuo、xiaobenkechengdekaifa、shizipeiyangyuguanlidezhongguancengmianyanjiu,youguanyujiaoxuecaozuodegaijinyuyouhuahuolinlinzongzongdejutiwentidejiejuedengweiguancengmiandeyanjiu。congketiyanjiucaozuodecengmianshanglaishuo,zhong、weiguancengmiandeyanjiuxianrangengyibawentitanshentantou,gengyiyuwajuechukeyonglaizhidaojiaoyushijiandeyoujiazhidechengguo。jibianshicongxuexiaoyanjiudejiaodulaishuo,congshihongguancengmiandeyanjiu,yeyinggaicongxuexiaofazhanyaoqiudeshijichufa,zhunquebawoqierudian,erqiejidazhonglianchongpangzi。 (2)ketiyanjiudexuantiyirebuyileng,yaoduanzhengjinxingketiyanjiudetaidu,mingxijinxingketiyanjiudemude。jiaoyukeyanzhishiwanshan、wanmeijiaoyushijiandeshouduanerbushimude,ketiyanjiudemudeshiweileqieshitigaojiaoyushijiandeshishishuipingerbuzhishiweilefazhanwenzhang、xuanyaochengguo。womenbunengweilechengguodeyiyufabiao、yiyuyinqizhumuerhuibijiaoyugaige、jiaoyushijianderedian、nandianwenti,neiyang,womenkenengsangshileyicizaisibianzhongtishengzishensuzhiyunenglideliangji,jinerkenengyinciersangshileduijiaoyuguanjianwentidefayanquanerzaochengrihoujiaoyuhuodongshangdebeidong。xianzaidebushaoketiyanjiuxihuanzuanlengmen、zoujiejing,meiqimingyue“dupixijing”,ziwobiaobang“shoucifaxian”,jiuqiyanjiudejiazhiyuyiyizeshiweihuqiweide,gengwutanqishijianyingyongjiazhile。bugaokongtouwenzhang,buzaokongzhonglouge,buzaikuakuaqitanzhonghaogaowuyuan,erzaijujuexuanqizhongdenggaowangyuan,zheishijiaoyukeyangongzuozhezuikeguidepinzhi。(3)ketiyanjiudetaiduyishibuyixu,yaoyanjinxizhi,jiaotashidi,laibudebandianxuhuayang。congshijiaoyukeyan,jinxingketiyanjiu,shishidaiyushehuiduijiaoshizheigezhiyedebiranyaoqiu,“chuandao、shouye、jiehuo”dejiaoshiguanyizhujianyanbianweiyaoqiujiaoshizijizaijiaoyushijianzhongbuduanmosuo,duizijidejiaoxueshijianzhujianchanshenggengshenruerlixingdelijie,bingjinerxingchengyitaojingyanzuofa。“jiaoshidezhizexianzaiyijingyuelaiyueshaodichuandizhishi,eryuelaiyueduodijilisikao”(lianheguojiaokewenzuzhi《xuehuishengcun》),“zuoweishijianzhedejiaoshi,zheigeyuyiqiezhuanyelilunyanjiuzheyiyangyouzhezijitedingdezhishihesixiang,youzhelijienengli,renshinenglihechuangzaonenglideren,yinggaijieshuzhangqiyilaixiaojibeidongde‘jiaoshujiang’xingxiang,erdaizhiyijiji、zhudongdexinxingxiang,jijiaoshi——yanjiuzhe”“(cuiyunkuo《jiaoxuelilun:ketangjiaoxuedeyuanli、celveyuyanjiu》)。youcikejian,ketiyanjiushiweixianshidexuyao,shiqieshizhuanbianjiaoyusixiang、tigaojiaoyushishishuipingdexuyao,shijiaoshizheigezhiyedejibenxuyao,yinci,renhebishijiuxu、bizhongjiuqing、shiketiyanjiuweiwanwenziyouxide“jiadakong”shijiaoyukeyandoushiyinggaijielibimian、burongchuxiande,youqishineizhongshuodeshiyitao、zuodeyoushilingyitaodeyanxingxiangfandeketiyanjiuheketiyanjiuchengguo,feidansihaowuyiyujiaoyushijianzhidao,fanerhuihunxiaoshiting、chanshengwudao,shijueduiyinggaiyuyijingtide。

四、中小学教育科研健康开展的保障因素

打鱼游戏平台 duanzhengyanjiufengqi、tigaoyanjiusuzhi、zengqiangjiaoyukeyandexinduhexiaodu,xuyaoyidingdezhidu、cuoshizuobaozhang,youqixuyaozaiguifanyunxingjizhi、wanshanpingjiajizhihetigaogerenlilunsuyangshangxiagongfu。

打鱼游戏平台 jiaoyukeyanzuoweiyimenkexue,shiyouzheqiyangedeyitaoyanjiuchengxude,duizheitaoyangeyanjiuchengxuzunxundechengduruhe,zhijieyingxiangzheyanjiudexingweiheyanjiudejieguo。zaiketisheji、ketishenbao、ketikaiti、ketizhongqijianchahexiaojieyijiketijietijiandingzheiyitaoketiyanjiuliuchengzhong,meiyigehuanjiedoushizhiguanzhongyao、zhijiehuojianjiedizhudaozheketiyanjiudezhiliangde,haobukuazhangdishuo,yangedeyunxingjizhijiushiketiyanjiudeshengming。yanjiuzhezunxunzheimeyigeyanjiuchengxudeguocheng,qibenshenshizhishangjiushiyigeduixiangguanlilunbuduanxuexideguocheng、duiyanjiuneirongbuduansikaodeguocheng、duiyanjiuweidubuduanxuanzedeguocheng、duiyanjiufangxiangbuduandiaozhengdeguocheng,yeshirenshibuduanshenhuadeguocheng。jiaoyukeyangongzuozhemenyinggaizhudongdi、yisibugoudianbujiubanjinxingketiyanjiu,bingbataneihuaweizijizijuedezhuiqiu。youqixuyaoqiangdiaodeshi,guifandeyunxingjizhibingfeijujuechuangxinsixiangdekebanmoshi,fanzhi,tafanernengweichuangxinsixiangdebengfatigonglianghaodefenweiheturang。

 ketipingjiajizhiduiyuketiyanjiuyouzhebuketidaidedaoyinzuoyong,ketipingjiajizhidewanshanwuyijianggengweiyouxiaodidiaokongketiyanjiudeshishishuiping。xianxingdeketipingjiajizhidezhongxingengduodifangzaiketidekaitihejietijiandingshang,erduizheiliangzhezhijiandeketiyanjiudezhongtouxi——guochengyanjiu

——quequefayouxiaodediaokongshouduan,zaipingjiafangmiangengshijijinyukongbai。ruguonengbachengguojiandingtongguochengpingjialiangzhejieheqilai,neime,zheiyangdepingjiajizhikenenggengshiheyuzhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyandeshijiqingkuang,yegengnengyouxiaodicujinzhongxiaoxueketiyanjiutongjiaoyujiaoxueshijiandejiehechengdu,bijing,zhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyandezuizhongjiazhitixianbushiwenzixingshidexueshuchengguoershiduijutijiaoyujiaoxueshijiandezhidao、tuijinzuoyong。

打鱼游戏平台 jiaoyukeyan、ketiyanjiudechengdanzheshiyigegejiaoshigeti,jiaoshigetililunsuyangshuipingduiyujiaoyukeyaneryanyouzhejuzuqingzhongdeyiyi。zuoweijiaoyuhuodongdeshijianzhe,zheiyigegejiaoshiyouqishicongshijiaoyukeyandejiaoshiwuyishidaduojuyoufengfudeshijianjingyande,danshi,zhongsuozhouzhi,zhengrujiaoyuliniandezhuanbianhexianjinjiaoyusixiangdexingchengbiranshililunzhidaoyushijiantansuoxianghujiehe、buduanmohedejieguoyiyang,xianjindejiaoyulilunshijiaoyukeyantishengdangci、tigaozhiliangsuobukehuoquedeyaosu,hennanshexiang,queshaolejiaoyulilundedaohang,jiaoyukeyanyoujianghuishiyizhongzenyangdezhuangtai。zhongxiaoxuejiaoyugongzuozhexianyukeguantiaojianhegongzuohuanjing,daduozaililunshangxiangduikuifa,zheiyezhiyuelezhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanzhijinrenggengduoditingliuzaipingmianxingdejingyanzongjieshangernanxianggengshencengcijuejin、xianggenggaojingjietisheng。jiejuezheiyikunhuodeweiyitujing,jiushijiaoshiyingzhudongjiaqiangzishenlilunsuyang,jijigengxinzishenzhishijiegou,laoguzhangwojiejuexianshiwentidelilunwuqi,jinershizijizaijiaoyukeyanlingyuzhenyujiaqingjiushu、xianshuzirudehuajing。ruci,richangjiaoyushijianzhongshanshuodelinggan、mengdongdezhenzhi、penyongdezhuojian,caiyoukenengjidianchengfengfueryoujiazhidejiaoyukeyanziyuanyucaifu。

 dangran,yaozhenzhengqieshitigaozhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyandeshishishuiping,yaoshizhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyanzhenzhengyouxiaodifuwuyujiaoyujiaoxueshijian,qiguanjianjiyaozhewuyishijiaoyukeyandexinduyuxiaodu,guigendaodishikanzaishishijiaoyukeyandeguochengzhong,youmeiyoulaogushulizunxunkeguanguilv、zunzhongkeguanshishidesixiang,youmeiyoushizhongbingchengquweicunzhen、shierwuhuadeposhizuofeng,youmeiyouxianmingtixianlaiyuanyujiaoyujiaoxueshijianzhong、tuiguangdaojiaoyujiaoxueshijianzhongqu、zhenzhengdiyikexue、zhengquedejingyanlilunzhidaojiaoyujiaoxueshijiandezongzhi,zheixiecaishizhongxiaoxuejiaoyukeyannengfouchixufahuitadejijiyiyiyuyingxiangdeguanjiansuozai,zheixiecaishiwanmeijingjiejiaoyukeyandebenzhiyuhexin。benwenyishangsuoshudeguifanyunxingjizhi、wanshanpingjiajizhihetigaogerenlilunsuyangyezhishiyixiebaozhangxingde、guanlicengmianshangdedongxi,qishijiyunxingdexiaoguo,yeshiwanquanyijiaoyukeyandebenzhiyuhexinweiqiantide。zheiyiyibeiwushushijianfanfuzhengming、yibeixuduolilunfanfuchanshudeguandian,benwenbuzuozhuishu。

 

 youyijuhuabeixuduojiaoshifengweizhenyan:“zhijiaobuyanzeqian,zhiyanbujiaozekong。”zheishiyinweitajieshichuledangjinjiaoyuhuodongzhongzuiweijibendeyigeyuanze:wanzhengdejiaoyuhuodongyinggaierqiebixushiyoujiaoyushijianhejiaoyukeyanzheilianggebufenzuchengde,jiaoyushizheiliangzheshihuweiyicun、huweiyingxiang、huweizhichengdeyigeyoujidezhengti,duiqizhongrenheyigebufendeshuhudouhuizaochengjiaoyupinzhidequeshi。ruguowomennengzijuedi、zhudongdi、zhangqidizuodaoyijiaodaiyan、yiyancujiao,neime,womensuocongshideshiyebijianghuanfachugengjiaxuanmudeguangcai。

 

(本文发表于《基础教育参考》2013年第22期)


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